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Facts About Kazakhstan | Kazakhstan Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Kazakhstan - Category: Introduction - Background: Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence in 1991 caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states combined, largely due to the country's vast natural resources and a recent history of political stability. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; achieving a sustainable economic growth; diversifying the economy outside the oil, gas, and mining sectors; enhancing Kazakhstan's competitiveness; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

Category: Government - Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Category: People - Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population): -3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: .36 billion (31 December 2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Geographic coordinates: 48 00 N, 68 00 E

Category: Transportation - Airports - with paved runways: total: 65; over 3,047 m: 9; 2,438 to 3,047 m: 27; 1,524 to 2,437 m: 17; 914 to 1,523 m: 4; under 914 m: 8 (2007)

Category: Communications - Television broadcast stations: 12 (plus 9 repeaters) (1998)

Category: Military - Military expenditures (% of GDP): 0.9% of GDP (Ministry of Defense expenditures) (FY02)

Category: Transnational Issues - Illicit drugs: significant illicit cultivation of cannabis for CIS markets, as well as limited cultivation of opium poppy and ephedra (for the drug ephedrine); limited government eradication of illicit crops; transit point for Southwest Asian narcotics bound for Russia and the rest of Europe; significant consumer of opiates

Other random facts about Kazakhstan 

  1. People - HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 16,500 (2001 estimate)

  2. Transportation - Railways (km): total: 13,700 km; broad gauge: 13,700 km 1.520-m gauge (3,700 km electrified) (2006)

  3. Economy - Natural gas - exports (cu m): 8.1 billion cu m (2007 estimate)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2028.html